Water scarcity or shortage has become a serious problem in much of the developing world. Scarcity has become a main problem in most of the developing world where there is an ever increasing anxiety about the availability, quality and sustainability is largely used for drinking or domestic purposes.
Availability and access to safe potable water has become an area of major concern because ensuring the populations has basic access because ensuring the population has basic access to water has been a major concern for local governments. The state of Maharashtra is the third largest state in India. To improve the performance of the irrigation sector this is wholly controlled by the government. Ministers such as Dr Nitin Raut have contributed towards alleviating the problem of water scarcity.
With rising population and water scarcity there is growing competition among various sectors users. This leads to conflict among them. The Maharashtra state is among first few states to have its own water policy. The policy has been framed considering diverse needs of different parts of the state, as state rainfall varies from 400 mm to 6000 mm.
The objectives of the government in ensuring water security is to increase the access of rural households to improved and sustainable drinking and sanitation services, and to institutionalize the decentralization of supply and sanitation services to rural local governments and communities.
Under this new scheme the funds for water development go directly to the gram panchayat. It is basic need for human survival, but the resource is a limited one. Thus, in order to implement good habits in the new generation, a timely education program for the youth is very necessary. An initiative is being taken to design curriculum, to have knowledge and importance and its related aspects, introduced from primary to higher education.
Due to apathy of Governmental Machinery, the ground water level in rural and urban area has been decreasing fast. 8% of the total area of Maharashtra is covered by sedimentary land. It falls mainly in North-Maharashtra. The ground water level in this area is deteriorating day-by-day due to too much scooping. Farmers producing Orange, Sugar-Cane, and Banana are scooping the water to the finest level because it is not even restricted by laws.
Water-conservation has become the key word to overcome the problems not only in Maharashtra but also India. The entire country including Maharashtra State witness’s the severe scarcity issue. Deluge, famine, drinking water shortage and farmers’ suicide are the outcome of this terrible problem.